Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio

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Accounts payable turnover ratio is an accounting liquidity metric that evaluates how fast a company pays off its creditors (suppliers). The ratio shows how many times in a given period (typically 1 year) a company pays its average accounts payable. An accounts payable turnover ratio measures the number of times a company pays its suppliers during a specific accounting period.

Accounts payables turnover trends can help a company assess its cash situation. Just as accounts receivable ratios can be used to judge a company's incoming cash situation, this figure can demonstrate how a business handles its outgoing payments.

Calculation (formula)

Accounts-payable turnover is calculated by dividing the total amount of purchases made on credit by the average accounts-payable balance for any given period.

Accounts payable turnover ratio = Total purchases / Average accounts payable

There is no single line item that tells how much a company purchased in a year. The cost of sales in the income statement (statement of comprehensive income) shows what was sold, but the company may have purchased either more or less than it eventually sold. The result would be either an increase, or a decrease in inventory. To calculate the purchases made, the cost of goods sold is adjusted by the change in inventory as follows:

Purchases = Cost of sales + Ending inventory – Starting inventory

Again, as with the accounts receivable turnover ratios, this can be expressed in terms of a number of days by dividing the result into 365:

Days Payable Outstanding (DPO) = 365 /Accounts payable turnover ratio

Norms and Limits

Payment requirements will usually vary from supplier to supplier, depending on its size and financial capabilities. A high ratio means there is a relatively short time between purchase of goods and services and payment for them. Conversely, a lower accounts payable turnover ratio usually signifies that a company is slow in paying its suppliers.

But a high accounts payable turnover ratio is not always in the best interest of a company. Many companies extend the period of credit turnover (i.e. lower accounts payable turnover ratios) getting extra liquidity.

Exact Formula in the ReadyRatios Analytic Software

Days Payable Outstanding = ((F1[b][TradeAndOtherCurrentPayables] + F1[e][TradeAndOtherCurrentPayables]+F1[b][CurrentProvisionsForEmployeeBenefits] +F1[e][CurrentProvisionsForEmployeeBenefits])/2)/((F2[CostOfSales]+ F1[e][Inventories] - F1[b][Inventories])/NUM_DAYS)

Accounts payable turnover ratio = 365 / Days payable outstanding

F2 – Statement of comprehensive income (IFRS).
F1[b], F1[e] - Statement of financial position (at the [b]egining and at the [e]nd of the analysed period).
NUM_DAYS – Number of days in the the analysed period.
365 – Days in year.

Note: Employee benefits are considered here as a part of purchases because they are also account payables and also form cost of sales. 

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Quote Vit. A., 11 January, 2016
Abid Ali wrote:
Aslam.O.Alikum dear sir i have a question when calculating Average Collection period and Average receivable and number of days in inventories we must take 365 days its wrong becasue most of the companies work 5 or 6 days in a week therefore we take the working days of the company no days in a year such as 240 or 260 days in a year
It's possible but you calculate collection period in working days. Traditionally it's calculated in calendar days so you take all days of the year.
Quote jean philippe morose, 6 July, 2017
Salut jus nous fait payment thecash jus donne moi un exeplication
Quote Asha Kanta Sharma, 29 March, 2020
Nicely explained...
Quote Guest, 18 June, 2021
Hi, I'm a MBA student and right now i'm doing a research paper regarding the working capital analysis. I would like to refer the data from your website, would you available the data of  "account payable (days) - breakdown by industry"? because I saw "Inventory turnover (days) ", "account receivable (days) " and "Asset turnover days" these three ratios under the activity. But I didn't find the account payable (days). I'm looking forward your reply and I'm so appreciate that if you have it. Thank you.
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