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Derivative is a financial instrument or other contract with all three of the following characteristics:

(a) Its value changes in response to the change in a specified interest rate, financial instrument price, commodity price, foreign exchange rate, index of prices or rates, credit rating or credit index, or other variable, provided in the case of a non-financial variable that the variable is not specific to a party to the contract (sometimes called the “underlying”);

(b) It requires no initial net investment or an initial net investment that is smaller than would be required for other types of contracts that would be expected to have a similar response to changes in market factors; and

(c) It is settled at a future date.
Quote gvraghaviah, 9 July, 2011
Can it be elaborated by as specific example in figures and explanation to understand it well by a personwho may not have intrinsic meaning of the term
Quote Vit. A., 9 July, 2011
Here is the definitiond according to IFRS.

The most common derivatives are futures, options, and swaps but may also include other tradeable assets such as a stock or commodity or non-tradeable items such as the temperature (in the case of weather derivatives), the unemployment rate, or any kind of (economic) index (see Wikipedia about derivatives)

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