Financial Leverage

Debt ratios Print Email

Meaning and definition of financial leverage

Financial leverage can be aptly described as the extent to which a business or investor is using the borrowed money. Business companies with high leverage are considered to be at risk of bankruptcy if, in case, they are not able to repay the debts, it might lead to difficulties in getting new lenders in future. It is not that financial leverage is always bad. However, it can lead to an increased shareholders’ return on investment. Also, very often, there are tax advantages related with borrowing, also known as leverage.


The most well known financial leverage ratio is the debt-to-equity ratio (see also debt ratio, equity ratio). It is calculated as:

Total debt / Shareholders Equity

Calculating financial leverage

Financial leverage indicates the reliability of a business on its debts in order to operate. Knowing about the method and technique of calculating financial leverage can help you determine a business’ financial solvency and its dependency upon its borrowings. The key steps involved in the calculation of Financial Leverage are:

  • Compute the total debt owed by the company. This counts both short term as well as long term debt, also including commodities like mortgages and money due for services provided.
  • Estimate the total equity held by the shareholders in the company. This requires multiplying the number of outstanding shares by the stock price. The total amount thus obtained represents the shareholder equity.
  • Divide the total debt by total equity. The quotient thus obtained represents the financial leverage ratio.

Norms and Limits

If the financial leverage ratio of a company is higher than 2-to-1, it indicates financial weakness. If the company is leveraged highly, it is considered to be near bankruptcy. Also, it might not be able to secure new capital if it is incapable of meeting its current obligations. 

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Quote Guest, 7 July, 2013
The key steps explained is easily understandable....
Quote Guest, 31 March, 2014
I agree, great simple explanation!
Quote Rakesh, 23 May, 2014
In simple, it can also be said as:    EBIT/EBIT - I.
Quote StevenLash San Diego, 13 August, 2014
Nice post thanks ..............
Quote Guest, 29 September, 2014
Quote aldren sotillo, 11 November, 2014
,,this is what i need..
Quote faz, 26 March, 2015
i need the possible causes of poor leverage ratio. .& the suggestion how to improve. . .
Quote SUNDAR SAKTHIVEL, 10 March, 2016
Easy formulae

1) EBIT/ EBT Where EBIT means Earning Before Interest and Tax and EBT means Earning Before Tax. (but after deduction of Interest)

2) OP/PBT  Where OP refers to Operating Profit and PBT Refers to Profit Before Tax.(but after deduction of Interest)
Quote Guest, 1 May, 2016
Equity share capital Rs.100000
10% preference share capital Rs.100000
8%debentures Rs.125000.
The company current EBIT is Rs.50000 and it comes under the 50% tax bracet.calculate  the financial leveragr
Quote Sandeep, 19 January, 2017
   EBIT/EBT             =               50000
(-)INTERST 8%DEB =               10000
EBT                        =                   40000
(-) TAX 50%          =                   20000
          EAT             =                   20000
NO.OF ESC           =                   10000
EPS                         =                   2
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