Gross margin - breakdown by industry

Gross profit margin (gross margin) is the ratio of gross profit (gross sales less cost of sales) to sales revenue.
Calculation: Gross profit margin = Gross profit / Revenue. More about gross margin.

Number of U.S. listed companies included in the calculation: 3984 (year 2019)

Ratio: Gross margin     Measure of center:

Industry title Year
2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
All Industries 44.9% 42.2% 41.7% 41% 41.2% 39.7%
01 - Agricultural Production Crops (27) 24.7% 30% 21.3% 23% 22.8% 22.7%
02 - Agriculture production livestock and animal specialties (6) 34.5% 44.4% 19.9% 19% 34% 21.5%
07 - Agricultural Services (18) 27.5% 32.1% 32% 30.4% 17.9% 23.2%
08 - Forestry (2) 39.8% 43.9% 41.9% 41.2% 40.3% 45%
09 - Fishing, hunting, and trapping (7) 15% 15.3% 22.4% 24.5% -8.6% -192.9%
10 - Metal Mining (272) 33.7% 30.2% 13.2% 18% 5% 3.8%
12 - Coal Mining (28) 23.3% 15.7% 18.9% 23.9% 19.6% 16.4%
13 - Oil And Gas Extraction (492) 36.6% 40.5% 31.6% 12.2% 16.7% 40.3%
14 - Mining And Quarrying Of Nonmetallic Minerals, Except Fuels (41) 22% 22.7% 25.1% 23.8% 22.6% 19.3%
15 - Building Construction General Contractors And Operative Builders (48) 22.4% 20.9% 20.6% 19.2% 19.8% 20.3%
16 - Heavy Construction Other Than Building Construction Contractors (20) 11.5% 12% 11.6% 11.8% 11.5% 12%
17 - Construction Special Trade Contractors (33) 22.2% 21.3% 16.7% 16.6% 17% 17.1%
20 - Food And Kindred Products (190) 30.8% 31.4% 31% 32.7% 30.9% 29.6%
21 - Tobacco Products (21) 43.2% 42.9% 43.7% 37.4% 29.2% 27.6%
22 - Textile Mill Products (16) 21.4% 28.4% 24.5% 23.4% 27.6% 17.9%
23 - Apparel And Other Finished Products Made From Fabrics And Similar Materials (56) 46.3% 45.8% 43.7% 45% 46.2% 43.4%
24 - Lumber And Wood Products, Except Furniture (29) 20.3% 21.2% 20.4% 20.8% 20.6% 18%
25 - Furniture And Fixtures (29) 34.9% 36.2% 35.3% 33.4% 31.9% 30.3%
26 - Paper And Allied Products (41) 19.9% 19.7% 20.3% 19.3% 21.5% 19.2%
27 - Printing, Publishing, And Allied Industries (67) 52.1% 42.8% 52% 57.6% 55.5% 47.7%
28 - Chemicals And Allied Products (1076) 55.3% 47.3% 46.5% 47.7% 48.3% 46.8%
29 - Petroleum Refining And Related Industries (38) 11.2% 11.8% 9.7% 10.5% 13.6% 9.8%
30 - Rubber And Miscellaneous Plastics Products (54) 27.5% 25.9% 30.4% 29.5% 26% 26.2%
31 - Leather And Leather Products (16) 57.2% 60.7% 58% 56.8% 59.4% 55.4%
32 - Stone, Clay, Glass, And Concrete Products (31) 19.3% 20.9% 24.5% 25.8% 21.3% 23.3%
33 - Primary Metal Industries (60) 14.4% 15.3% 13.7% 13.3% 13% 13.6%
34 - Fabricated Metal Products, Except Machinery And Transportation Equipment (78) 29% 27% 27.6% 30.6% 27.3% 26.1%
35 - Industrial And Commercial Machinery And Computer Equipment (299) 33.9% 34% 33.9% 32.3% 33.6% 33.8%
36 - Electronic And Other Electrical Equipment And Components, Except Computer Equipment (487) 35.7% 36.7% 34.8% 33.7% 33.4% 34.9%
37 - Transportation Equipment (156) 18.4% 17.8% 20.3% 20.9% 20.4% 18.9%
38 - Measuring, Analyzing, And Controlling Instruments; Photographic, Medical And Optical Goods; Watches And Clocks (460) 52.6% 51.8% 48.4% 47.1% 48% 49%
39 - Miscellaneous Manufacturing Industries (70) 39.7% 36.2% 31.6% 37.1% 35.9% 36.4%
40 - Railroad Transportation (13) 89.3% 89.1% 89% 89.7% 88.2% 78.3%
42 - Motor Freight Transportation And Warehousing (31) 16.7% 17.8% 77.2% 90.8% 76.6% 58.7%
44 - Water Transportation (30) 34.6% 34.1% 38.7% 41.5% 38.9% 24.1%
45 - Transportation By Air (32) 54.2% 52.7% 68.5% 72.7% 80.2% 64.8%
46 - Pipelines, Except Natural Gas (26) 40.9% 40.8% 48.4% 31.1% 34.2% 15.4%
47 - Transportation Services (41) 25.1% 33.4% 33.9% 25% 39.7% 34.9%
48 - Communications (225) 53.8% 44.7% 47.8% 50% 46.7% 49.6%
49 - Electric, Gas, And Sanitary Services (310) 42.3% 40.2% 44.5% 49.2% 43.2% 35.6%
50 - Wholesale Trade-durable Goods (149) 25% 24.2% 24.6% 26.3% 21.7% 21.8%
51 - Wholesale Trade-non-durable Goods (123) 17.4% 17.2% 17.3% 19.1% 18.5% 18.1%
52 - Building Materials, Hardware, Garden Supply, And Mobile Home Dealers (20) 34.2% 34.3% 33.6% 34.2% 34.3% 32.4%
53 - General Merchandise Stores (30) 30.4% 30.5% 31.6% 30.9% 33.8% 33.9%
54 - Food Stores (32) 27.7% 27.6% 26.6% 28.2% 28.6% 27.5%
55 - Automotive Dealers And Gasoline Service Stations (38) 20.5% 24.3% 24.7% 23.8% 23.4% 18.5%
56 - Apparel And Accessory Stores (55) 35.1% 35.5% 36.9% 37.1% 36.2% 35.4%
57 - Home Furniture, Furnishings, And Equipment Stores (32) 37% 35.8% 36.6% 37.6% 37.2% 38.1%
58 - Eating And Drinking Places (109) 49.2% 36.8% 38.2% 35.3% 34.3% 30.8%
59 - Miscellaneous Retail (186) 33.6% 34.1% 32.3% 34.1% 36.8% 34.8%
60 - Depository Institutions (724) 97.4% 97.2% 97.2% 96.6% 97% 96.6%
61 - Non-depository Credit Institutions (125) 72% 70% 67% 68.1% 73.2% 76.9%
62 - Security And Commodity Brokers, Dealers, Exchanges, And Services (255) 52.6% 50.2% 80.1% 90.9% 80.6% 77.5%
63 - Insurance Carriers (186) 41% 41.8% 40% 43.1% 45.3% 38.5%
64 - Insurance Agents, Brokers, And Service (23) 47.4% 30.7% 73.4% 74.8% 66.8% 68.3%
65 - Real Estate (247) 51.6% 43.1% 49.3% 70% 61% 54.8%
67 - Holding And Other Investment Offices (849) 67.5% 64.5% 68% 63.3% 65.5% 62.6%
70 - Hotels, Rooming Houses, Camps, And Other Lodging Places (69) 39.8% 42.8% 44.6% 46.3% 46.7% 43.9%
72 - Personal Services (54) 26.7% 36.2% 33.6% 36.3% 34.2% 32.4%
73 - Business Services (1247) 57.2% 57.5% 54.4% 56.2% 55.4% 52.9%
75 - Automotive Repair, Services, And Parking (14) 40.5% 43.7% 48.8% 61.6% 40.9% 63.1%
76 - Miscellaneous Repair Services (8) 26.2% 26.3% 19.7% 16.7% 10.7% 27%
78 - Motion Pictures (61) 30.3% 35.2% 35.4% 37% 41.3% 34.2%
79 - Amusement And Recreation Services (85) 52.1% 46.7% 46.7% 47.4% 48.7% 48.7%
80 - Health Services (137) 36.6% 36.6% 41.9% 38.8% 41.1% 40.7%
82 - Educational Services (57) 50.9% 49.8% 44.6% 43.9% 45.1% 53.8%
83 - Social Services (7) 3.8% 5.3% 47.4% 46.2% 35.8% 35%
87 - Engineering, Accounting, Research, Management, And Related Services (189) 35.5% 33.5% 36.9% 33.6% 33.6% 36.1%
81 - Legal Services (2) 36.1% 36.1% 30.1% 30% 31.6% 29%
41 - Local And Suburban Transit And Interurban Highway Passenger Transportation (2) 29% 29% 29% 29% 29% 29.5%
99 - Nonclassifiable Establishments (9) 29.5% 29.5% 29.5% 29.5% 29.5% 4.2%

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