Professional Judgement-A Skill to be Acuminated
As per International Standards on Audit (ISA-200) Professional judgment is defined as – The application of relevant training, knowledge, and experience, within the context provided by auditing, accounting, and ethical standards, in making informed decisions about the courses of action that are appropriate in the circumstances of the audit engagement. Professional judgment is critical to efficiently and effectively planning, performing and concluding in an audit. Auditors use professional judgment to focus on the most important aspects of an audit; to determine the nature, timing, and extent of audit procedures; and to appropriately challenge the accounting, reporting, and other conclusions reached and financial statement assertions made by management.
A good judgment technique accompanied continually can help improve decision-making and oversight, however, “traps and biases” can undermine the process. Unlike the professional judgments that made the difference among tragedy and success–the tragedy of the Challenger area shuttle and the heroics of Apollo thirteen, judgments that auditors make do now not have an effect on life and death consequences. They, despite the fact that, can be consequential to the continued viability of businesses, the livelihoods of the human beings employed by them, and the investors who rely on them—no longer to say the effectiveness and performance of our capital markets. Audit judgments—each huge and small—remember. It matters, then, how properly or poorly such judgments are made. the one's people, teams, and companies regarded for making precise judgments will distinguish themselves in the expert services marketplace. on the same time, the consequences of hard financial instances, expanded use of honest fee measurements, and ever expanding guidelines, among different matters, have raised the threshold for what is considered powerful judgment and decision-making capabilities.
This concept of auditing is mainly used in accounting standards in making accounting estimates and accounting policies. We have prepared the financial statement on the judgmental basis (IAS-37, IAS-10, IAS-38, IAS-16, and IAS-36) and afterward conduct an audit on sampling and the analytical basis by using professional skepticism and professional judgment. This is the primary reason for giving the audit report on the basis of reason assurance.