Gross Profit Margin

Profitability ratios Print Email


Gross profit margin (gross margin) is the ratio of gross profit (gross sales less cost of sales) to sales revenue. It is the percentage by which gross profits exceed production costs. Gross margins reveal how much a company earns taking into consideration the costs that it incurs for producing its products or services. Gross margin is a good indication of how profitable a company is at the most fundamental level, how efficiently a company uses its resources, materials, and labour. It is usually expressed as a percentage, and indicates the profitability of a business before overhead costs; it is a measure of how well a company controls its costs.

Gross margin measures a company's manufacturing and distribution efficiency during the production process. The higher the percentage, the more the company retains on each dollar of sales to service its other costs and obligations, the better the company is thought to control costs. Investors use the gross profit margin to compare companies in the same industry and also in different industries to determine what are the most profitable. A company that boasts a higher gross margin than its competitors and industry is more efficient.

Calculation (formula)

Gross margin is calculated as gross profit divided by total sales (revenue).

Gross profit margin = Gross profit / Revenue 

Both variables are shown on the income statement or statement of comprehensive income.

Exact Formula in the ReadyRatios Analytic Software

Gross margin = F2[GrossProfit]/ F2[Revenue]

F2 – Statement of comprehensive income (IFRS).

Industry benchmark

You can find industry benchmarks for gross profit margin in our reference book.

Quote jawad, 9 December, 2014
only formula is written but no questions
Quote shafi, 11 April, 2015
there should be some examples.....

Login to ReadyRatios


Have you forgotten your password?

Are you a new user?

Login As
You can log in if you are registered at one of these services: